DISCERN™ was launched by SYNAPS Dx to assist health care providers with the necessary scientific data they need to identify Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and distinguish it from the other types of Dementia.

The DISCERN™ story began with Dr. Daniel Alkon, who, as a new graduate of Cornell Medical School and a new employee at NIH, found himself intrigued by the question; “what comprises a memory?”.

He set out to establish answers to this question because he believed that if one could understand the physics and chemistry that comprised the mechanisms for memory storage, it would be possible to enhance, restore or modify memories – impacting a broad range of neurologic and psychiatric abnormalities.

Dr. Alkon spent 30 years researching neuroscience and memory at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) as a Medical Director in the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and as Chief of the Laboratory of Adaptive Systems.

Through the formation of Rockefeller Neuroscience Institute – created by Rockefeller IV in WV, Dr. Alkon and his team were presented with the perfect opportunity to pursue scientific research on memory and its nuanced intricacies.

Later, they were able to do a series of studies and perform clinical trials in humans. This led to the pursuit of therapeutic pathways and, ultimately, to the creation of the 3 key proprietary biomarkers that are the foundation of the DISCERN™ test. These biomarkers can determine the level of synaptic loss in the brain before the onset of amyloid plaques or tangles. Each biomarker plays a role in providing extreme accuracy in determining the presence or absence of AD in a patient.
Frank Amato

Frank Amato

Chief Executive Officer

Frank Amato is CEO and President of SYNAPS Dx. Previously, after two decades in the pharmaceutical and biotech industries he was President, CEO, and Director of electroCore, a NASDAQ-traded bioelectronic medicine company focused on treating neurological conditions. Frank is an accomplished leader with a track record of consistently delivering strong results. Prior to his tenure at electroCore, Frank was Vice President of the Specialty Commercial Operations Group at Merck, which comprised 9 specialty therapeutic divisions. He had responsibility for leading approximately 2,000 employees, generating $4.5b in annual revenue across 16 different pharmaceutical products. After Merck’s acquisition of Schering-Plough, he led the integration of approximately 3,000 employees into the new company. In addition to his day-to-day business responsibilities, Amato was accountable for various aspects of due diligence, negotiation, integration, and launching products in neuroscience, virology, and ophthalmology.

After serving as an infantry field medic in the 82nd Airborne Division, US Army, Frank began his career as a sales professional in New York City with the Upjohn Company. Throughout his career, Frank has worked on key initiatives in the US, Europe, and Japan, managing teams of senior executives in sales, marketing, operations, finance, legal, medical, regulatory, and research and development. He currently lives in Basking Ridge, NJ with his wife Erica and two children, Avery and Jack. He received his bachelor’s degree in Political Science with a minor in Theology from St. John’s University and MBA from Pepperdine University.

Daniel Alkon

Dr. Daniel Alkon

Chief Scientific Advisor

Dr. Alkon received his undergraduate degree in chemistry in 1965 at the University of Pennsylvania. After earning his M.D. at Cornell University and finishing an internship in medicine at the Mt Sinai Hospital in New York, he joined the staff of the National Institutes of Health where during his 30-year career he became a Medical Director in the U.S. Public Health Service at the NINDS and Chief of the Laboratory of Adaptive Systems. In 1999, Dr. Alkon then became the founding Scientific Director of the Blanchette Rockefeller Neurosciences Institute and occupies the Toyota Chair in Neuroscience at the Institute. In this position, he and his team conducted multidisciplinary research on the molecular and biophysical mechanisms of memory and memory dysfunction in psychiatric and neurological disorders, particularly Alzheimer’s disease. He was also a Professor of Neurology at West Virginia University until September 2016.

As an internationally recognized pioneer in research on brain-based neural networks and the molecular basis of memory, he has authored hundreds of scientific articles as well as several books including Memory Traces in the Brain by Cambridge University Press, and the popular book Memory’s Voice by Harper Collins.

Paul Tanico, Principal

Executive Chairman

Mr. Tanico founded CastleRock Management, an investment firm that managed long/short long-biased U.S. equity funds. Mr. Tanico served as President and Chief Investment Officer at CastleRock. At its peak, CastleRock had over $1 billion AUM and over a 20-year period CastleRock Partners, L.P., the flagship fund, generated compounded cumulative net returns of almost double that of the S&P 500. In 2013, CastleRock liquidated its main fund and has since used its research capabilities to make both active and passive investments in several industries including financial, information technology, healthcare, energy, and a multi-country consumer restaurant franchise in Africa. Prior to CastleRock, Mr. Tanico’s was a portfolio manager (PM) and original partner at Omega Advisors and also served as an analyst – PM at Atalanta Sosnoff, Neuberger Berman and David J. Greene.

Mr. Tanico received a B.S. in Finance and Accounting from New York University in 1977 and a J.D. from Fordham University School of Law in 1980 and is a member of the New York State Bar. He is a member of or has served on the following boards: Board of Trustees of the New York Academy of Medicine, NYU Stern Board of Overseers, NYU Stern Executive Board, Dean’s Planning Council of Fordham University School of Law, Board of Trustees of Public Broadcast Station WNET, Trinity School in New York City, and Xaverian High School in Brooklyn, New York.

Eric A. Button

Corporate Advisor

Eric A Button is a medical diagnostics executive who has spent the past 30 years at the forefront of novel diagnostic development and commercialization. Most recently, Mr. Button served as President of GlycoMark, Inc., where he successfully oversaw the company’s joint venture with Toyota and Nippon Kayaku to launch a novel, FDA-cleared diabetes test. As Senior Vice President of Diagnostics at Metabolon, he introduced Quantose for the diagnosis of prediabetes. Earlier in his career, Mr. Button served in various marketing capacities at Hybritech, a subsidiary of Eli Lilly, where he led the business group responsible for the original PSA prostate cancer test. Mr. Button holds an MBA from the University of North Carolina, an MS in molecular genetics from the University of British Columbia and a BA in biology from the University of North Carolina, where he was a member of the Phi Beta Kappa honor society.

Florin Chirila

Florin V. Chirila, Ph.D.

Founding Alzheimer’s Disease Diagnostic Lab Director – Advisor

Dr. Chirila received his Ph.D. in Physics from West Virginia University with a thesis in feedback control of wave propagation patterns in excitable media. This research got the cover of the Journal Science. His background is in nonlinear dynamics and neuroscience. His research focuses on the use of quantitative and interdisciplinary approaches to solving neuroscience problems, including specific methods of diagnosing Alzheimer’s disease and other neurological disorders using peripheral skin fibroblasts and blood B-Lymphocytes. His work has involved network measures, cell size, cell growth, protein amount, and gene expression in synchronized skin fibroblasts and blood B-lymphocytes as biological markers for the prediction of Alzheimer’s disease prior to symptomatic diagnosis.

In August 2011, Dr. Chirila became the Diagnostic Laboratory Director at the Blanchette Rockefeller Neurosciences Institute, and Assistant Professor at the institute. He was also an Adjoint Assistant Professor of Physiology and Pharmacology at West Virginia University until September2013. His work has involved demonstrating that skin spatiotemporal networks are dysregulated in Alzheimer’s Disease when compared with other types of dementia and healthy controls.

In July 2016, Dr. Chirila became the Diagnostic Laboratory Director at SYNAPS Dx where he helped bringing the three major biomarkers to the market, getting the CLIA status in 49 states, and the breakthrough status with the FDA. While at SYNAPS Dx Dr. Chirila continued his quest for new biomarkers such as cell size, cell growth, protein amount, gene expression, while validating the main biomarkers in blood B-lymphocytes. His work is measured by ten patent applications, out of which two patents were awarded.

As the Founding Diagnostic Laboratory Director at SYNAPS Dxs, Dr. Chirila helps completing the current projects and advises on the technical aspects of the Alzheimer’s Disease biomarkers.


Alternative Test

Our Lab

SYNAPS Dx operates the BRNI laboratory, a state of the art 9,000 sq. ft. facility located at 9601 Medical Center Drive, Rockville, MD, 20850, where the company employs former BRNI scientists who conducted the research.

The SYNAPS Dx lab is certified under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) as qualified to perform high complexity clinical laboratory testing.

SYNAPS Dx is the exclusive licensee of the worldwide patent portfolio covering the biomarker technology.